Cedar is known of its exceptional durability. It is noted for its resistance to both fungi and termites. It is of medium weight for a softwood, a little heavier than European redwood.
DOUGLAS FIR (CLEARS)
Douglas fir, also known as Columbian and Oregon pine.
It is available in very large size. It is used for flooring and decking. It is used in building for roof trusses and laminated beams, and in joinery.
The timber is graded for use, with the better timber going into joinery and, to a limited extent, furniture, and the general run of production used for construction, especially house-building, and for boxes and crates. It is used, after a preservative treatment, for railway sleepers and telegraph and electricity transmission poles.
Spruce finds a variety of uses, as sawn wood, veneer and pulp. It is the world’s most important pulp for newsprint because of its bright, white color. It is sawn for structural uses – joists, rafters, studding, etc. – and for interior joinery. Clear spruce is used for piano sound-boards and the fronts of violins. It is often used as core-veneer in birch and Douglas fir plywood.
Ash is used in manufacturing handles of striking and garden tools, sports goods, and for the wooden parts of agriculture machinery. It is considered as moderately stable in use and it is known of its toughness.
It is a white or pale-brown wood, sometimes steamed to a Pinkish color. Beech wood is unsuitable for outdoor use unless it has been subjected to preservative treatment. It is used for Furniture wood, and especially for the turned and bent members of chairs.
Cherry is a decorative wood used for furniture, paneling, high-class joinery and as the backing blocks for electrotype plates.
It is suitable for many of the purposes for which teak is used. It is used in ship and boat-building, for top-quality joinery, counter and bench tops, for park seats and for parquet flooring.
It is an important commercial timber, shipped from Malaysia to Europe and elsewhere and from the Philippines to the US, where it is knows as Philippines mahogany. It is popular for joinery, including outdoor use in temperate countries, for vehicle construction, cladding, paneling, floors and for boat- building.
It is not suitable for exterior structural, joinery and building purposes unless it is effectively treated. It is acceptable for interior work, for paneling, flooring and in furniture, though generally regarded as inferior to white oak. Persian oak is unusual in being impermeable and is used for barrel staves.
Ramin attracted interest because of its plain appearance. Being pale in color, it could be stained and finished to match more decorative woods, and, having a straight grain, it was popular for machine processing. It was used in the furniture industry as an alternative to the beech. Ramin is also used for mouldings, dowelling, handles and toys, etc…
Commonly used as a mahogany, Sapele combines an attractive appearance with strength and durability. It is used for high-class joinery both indoors and outdoors, for window frames, staircases, shop fittings and flooring. Quarter-cut to produce a decorative veneer, it is used on doors, on pianos, and on the surfaces of furniture when mahogany is in fashion.
Teak is foremost a ship-building wood, used where strength, stability and durability are demanded, and preferred to all other woods for decking. It is used for fine joinery and for laboratory fittings, especially bench tops, and in chemical works on account of its acid resistance. It has been fashionable in recent years in domestic furniture, often as veneer.
Walnut is one of the world’s outstanding decorative woods, long used for cabinetwork, and particularly associated with furniture of the Queen Anne period. Today, walnut is used in furniture and for decorative paneling mainly as veneer; it is used in the solid for fine joinery and for bowls and other turned items, and it is the preferred timber for the butts and stocks of rifles and guns.
Wawa is very popular where attractive appearance, ease of working but little mechanical strength are demanded. It is used for framing of cabinetwork and for drawer sides, especially in whitewood furniture, and for mouldings and interior joinery. It is used for the solid core of blockboard and very commonly for plywood.
WOOD BASED PANELS
Chipboard is cheaper, denser and more uniform than conventional wood. It is the lightest and weakest type of fiberboard, except for insulation board.
Hardboard, also called high-density fiberboard, is a type of fiberboard, which is an engineered wood product. It is used in construction, furniture, appliances, automobiles and cabinetry.
M.D.F. (MEDIUM DENSITY FIBERBOARD)
M.D.F. is considered as an essential raw material for the furniture and interior decoration industry. The boards usually have very good dimensional stability, resisting humidity changes in the environment.
Plywood meant for indoor use generally uses the less expensive glue (which has limited water resistance), while outdoor and marine grade plywood are designed to withstand rot and use a water-resistant glue to prevent delaminating and to retain strength in high humidity.
Blockboard is a type of plywood with the core manufactured from strips of solid wood. It is unsuitable for outdoor use. It is available in various thicknesses, including 12mm, 18mm, 22mm and 32mm.
FILM FACE SHUTTERING PLYWOOD
The plywood industry has traditionally used various conifer tree species. Plywood is also made out of several tropical hardwood species. Their technical properties and quality vary.
MELAMINED FACED PANELS (M.D.F.+CHIPBOARD)
Are used in furniture manufacturing and it can be easily moulded and shaped this enabling all kind of geometric effects.